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Causes Of Pelvic Pain During Pregnancy & Tips To Relieve The Pain


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Pelvic pain is one of the most common occurrences during pregnancy and can be caused by a variety of different reasons. 

For example, it may be caused by some serious as a cyst in the ovaries or something as common as constipation. Other possible causes of pelvic pain during pregnancy can also include appendicitis or a urinary tract infection

In either case, the pain is generally manageable with the correct and timely diagnosis. If pelvic pain is persistent or does not respond to home remedies, you should visit a doctor. 

Pelvic pain during pregnancy can be extremely uncomfortable and debilitating. It is often caused by changes in the body, such as the shifting centre of gravity, increased weight, hormones, and the stretching of pelvic muscles. 

While this pain is usually mild, it can become severe and interfere with everyday activities. Pelvic pain in early pregnancy may also be related to an ectopic pregnancy, which requires immediate medical attention.

It is very important to determine the cause of pelvic pain during pregnancy. The correct diagnosis will help you to manage the pain with the right treatment options.

In this article, we are going to discuss the causes of pelvic pain during pregnancy & tips to relieve the pain. 

What Is Pelvic Pain In Pregnancy?

Pelvic pain is a common occurrence during pregnancy and can be caused by several factors, including a shifted centre of gravity, added weight, and stretched muscles. Some women experience pain only during certain movements or positions, while others may experience it all the time. While these symptoms are typically brief, they can make it difficult to perform daily tasks.

Pelvic pain in pregnancy is often accompanied by cramping and numbness, as well as stinging or burning sensations. It can be particularly uncomfortable during physical activities, such as lifting or bending. Women may also experience pain when getting up from bed. Symptoms may also be aggravated by movement, which can jolt the baby in the pelvic region.

Sharp pelvic pain during pregnancy third trimester should be reported immediately to a healthcare provider. Symptoms and medical history can help determine the underlying cause. A doctor may suggest certain tests to evaluate the source of the problem. A pelvic exam is an essential first step in determining a proper diagnosis.

What Is Pelvic Girdle Pain?

Pelvic girdle pain is caused by strain or instability of the joints in the pelvic area. It affects up to one in five women but is more common in women with back problems or previous injuries in this area. The pain can develop suddenly, or it can gradually build up. It can affect women at any stage of pregnancy.

Pelvic girdle pain is not dangerous to either the mother or the baby. However, it can be uncomfortable and is not something to ignore. Early diagnosis and simple preventive measures can help women avoid this discomfort. If you’re experiencing pelvic girdle pain, consult your healthcare provider as soon as possible.

Pubic bone pain during pregnancy can affect any pregnant woman and can start at any stage of the pregnancy. It can cause general aches in the pelvic area, as well as pain during and after labour. It is estimated that 1 in 5 pregnant women will experience pelvic girdle pain during their pregnancy.

Symptoms of Pelvic Pain during Pregnancy

Pelvic pain in pregnancy can be very uncomfortable, and it is essential to seek medical advice as soon as possible. Pelvic pain can be mild or severe and can be disabling. Most women experience pelvic pain in the first trimester, which is normal as the body adjusts to the new baby. Here are some common symptoms of pelvic pain during pregnancy.

  • Deep pain in the groin and pubic area
  • Pain during walking, climbing stairs or turning over in bed
  • Pain in one side or both sides of the lower back
  • Clicking or grinding sensation in your pubic area
  • Severe or unmanageable pain
  • Pain between anus and vagina
  • Pain when spreading thighs

Causes of Pelvic Pain during Pregnancy

Pelvic pain during pregnancy can be caused by a variety of different factors. Here are some common causes of pelvic pain during pregnancy. If you are experiencing pelvic pain during pregnancy, talk to your health care provider about your concerns.

  • Weight Gain and Increased Pressure on the Joints

Pelvic pain during pregnancy can be caused by loose ligaments, weight gain, and an increased centre of gravity. The increased pressure on the pelvic joints can lead to soreness and burning. Women may also feel pain when lifting, walking, bending, or squatting. Pelvic pain often worsens at night. Other symptoms may include shaky legs.

  • Hormone Changes

Pelvic pain can occur in the early or late stages of pregnancy and can result from changes in hormone levels. In the first trimester, relaxin is released into your bloodstream, which relaxes your pelvic ligaments. This loosening will lead to pelvic pain. In the second trimester, this pain usually becomes worse. 

  • Digestive Issues

Pelvic pain is most commonly associated with digestive issues like constipation. Other possible causes include infection, a foreign object in the pelvic area, or even a problem with the pelvic muscles. Treatment may include medication, physical therapy, or home remedies.

  • Muscular Imbalance

Muscular imbalance is a common condition that can affect a woman throughout her pregnancy. The muscles of the pelvic floor do not work properly, and pelvic organs may prolapse, resulting in pain and weakness. This can also cause a bulge in the vagina or pelvis.

  • Urinary Tract Infections

Pregnant women should be screened for urinary tract infections (UTIs) by their doctor as early as week six of their pregnancy. During the first trimester, about two-fifths of women develop UTIs. This condition can lead to pelvic pain. 

Other Causes of Pelvic Pain during Pregnancy

Pelvic pain is common during pregnancy, and it is important to know what causes it. If left untreated, it may lead to more serious problems. Here are some other causes of pelvic pain during pregnancy

  • Symphysis Pubis Dysfunction
  • Round Ligament Pain
  • Ovarian Cysts
  • Diastasis Recti
  • Constipation
  • Braxton Hicks Contractions

Tips to Relieve Pelvic Pain during Pregnancy

Pelvic pain in pregnancy can be a very unpleasant experience. The pain can range from mild to excruciating. If you want to alleviate the pain, follow these tips. 

  • Take Smaller Steps When You’re Walking

Pelvic pain is a common occurrence during pregnancy, affecting nearly 76% of women. One of the best ways to relieve pelvic pain during pregnancy is to take smaller steps. This will reduce the shearing forces in the pelvis and relieve pressure on the pelvic joints. 

  • Sit Down Whenever You Need to Get Dressed

Sitting down is a good option for pelvic pain during pregnancy. It can help you reduce the shearing forces through your pelvis and avoid stressing your pelvic joints. In addition, it can make you less likely to spread your legs too far apart.

  • Use Correct Standing Posture

To reduce pelvic pain during pregnancy, it is imperative that you use the correct standing posture. This means keeping your legs slightly apart and not locking your knees while standing. It is also important to avoid twisting your body, especially when you are on your feet. 

  • Sleep With A Pregnancy Pillow Between Your Legs

Pregnancy pillows are a great option for women who are suffering from pelvic pain during pregnancy. These pillows help relieve the pain by adding extra distance between the legs. In addition, they can help maintain pelvic symmetry and prevent the top leg from slipping forward.

  • Use Correct Sitting Posture

Proper sitting posture is important at all times, but it becomes even more critical during pregnancy. Improper sitting can lead to lower back pain, pelvic pain, and other discomforts. Sitting incorrectly can also affect the fetal position. One helpful sitting posture tip is to keep your pelvis tucked under when sitting. 

  • Avoid Sitting On The Floor With Crossed Legs

It’s important to keep your legs separated when you’re sitting on the floor during pregnancy. Crossing your legs when you’re seated can impair circulation and put stress on your back. Instead, try to keep your legs slightly apart, with the pelvic bone tucked in. 

  • You Need To Avoid Heavy Lifting

If you’re experiencing pelvic pain, try to avoid heavy lifting and try to stay as active as possible within the limits of your pain. It is also advisable to wear supportive shoes and avoid wearing high heels. 


  • How Can I Sleep With Pelvic Pain During Pregnancy?

Using a pregnancy pillow is an excellent option for sleeping with pelvic pain during pregnancy. It will add a little distance between your knees and your pelvis, and it will help keep your knees and hips parallel.

  • Can Pelvic Pain Affect the Baby?

No, pelvic pain doesn’t affect the baby. However, if pelvic pain during pregnancy is severe or persistent, you should visit your healthcare provider. 

  • What Relieves Pelvic Pain During Pregnancy?

One of the best ways to relieve pelvic pain during pregnancy is to rest. You may also want to lie down or take a bath if you can. It is also helpful to avoid certain positions, such as standing on one leg or stretching your legs too far apart. Applying heat or ice to the pain area can also help.


Pelvic pain in pregnancy can be frightening and can be a cause for concern. In severe cases, it can prevent women from going about their daily lives. Pelvic pain during pregnancy can be caused by various things like increased body weight, hormonal changes, digestive issues, constipation, UTI, etc. However, there are many ways to manage this pain. You can follow these tips to relieve pelvic pain. If the pain persists, it is best to consult a doctor.

Srujana Mohanty
She is the Managing Editor of Cogito137, one of India’s leading student-run science communication magazines. She's been working in scientific and medical writing and editing since 2018, also associated with the quality assurance team of scientific journal editing. Majored in Chemistry with a minor in Biology at IISER Kolkata, Srujana loves doodling and watching series.


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