HomePregnancyWhat Causes Insomnia in Females?

What Causes Insomnia in Females?


Medically Reviewed By

Insomnia is a widespread problem for women, especially during hormonal changes. It’s linked with night sweats and hot flashes and is caused by the fluctuating levels of female sex hormones. 

Other causes include depression and restless leg syndrome. The symptoms of insomnia are similar to those of depression and can affect both sexes. However, it is more prevalent in females. 

Sleeping is essential for our health and wellness, and it’s no different for females. While it can be hard to fall asleep at night, proper self-diagnosis can help you better understand your sleeping habits and how to overcome insomnia. 

Let’s first consider some of the most common causes of insomnia in females. The biggest cause of insomnia in females is stress. Women are more prone to stress than men are. 

Stress, mood disorders, and societal pressures are just a few factors that can lead to sleep issues in women. Fortunately, treatment for insomnia varies by cause and can include changes in lifestyle and medical support.

In this article, we are going to discuss the causes of insomnia in females. 

What Is Insomnia?

Insomnia is a sleep disorder that takes its toll on our bodies and minds. According to the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, one or two bad nights of sleep can turn into a chronic problem. A repetitive bad sleep pattern is the biggest drain on the body and mind.

Symptoms of insomnia may include excessive tiredness during the day, inability to fall asleep, and difficulty staying asleep. It can also result in waking up in the middle of the night with a racing mind. 

Chronic insomnia in females is a common condition affecting many women. It can disrupt a woman’s daily life and affect her ability to care for herself and others. It can be treated with prescription drugs, behavioural therapy, or complementary/alternative treatments.

The best way to determine whether you have insomnia is to consult with your physician. This is particularly important if you asufferrom significant daytime impairments or sleepiness. Your doctor can ask you questions and order tests to diagnose your condition accurately. 

If the symptoms persist, your physician may want to refer you to a sleep specialist. Treatment for insomnia consists of treating the underlying cause, whether physical or mental. It might involve changing daily habits or undergoing cognitive behavioural therapy. 

For instance, avoiding bright lights, caffeine, alcohol, and energy drinks can all help alleviate insomnia. While insomnia can be a serious problem, it is curable

Is Insomnia More Common In Women?

Studies have shown that women are more likely than men to suffer from insomnia. Women are more likely to take longer to fall asleep than men. Women also have greater rates of restless leg syndrome, making falling asleep difficult. 

Sleep problems in women are also associated with a woman’s body’s changing hormone levels. Female hormone levels fluctuate during puberty, which involves physical changes and an increase in the production of sex hormones. Studies have linked these fluctuations to a greater risk of anxiety and depression.

A number of factors can cause insomnia, but the most common one is hormonal changes. Women who are experiencing premenstrual syndrome (PMS) are at greater risk of insomnia. This condition is often accompanied by hot flashes and can make sleep difficult.

Women are also more likely to suffer from fibromyalgia, a type of chronic muscle pain that can make it difficult to sleep. This disorder is common among women during their reproductive years, including during pregnancy, childbirth, and menopause.

Why Is Insomnia More Common In Women?

Research has shown that women are more likely to suffer from insomnia than men. This may be due to hormones and stress. Women also tend to take longer to fall asleep than men. They are also more likely to suffer restless leg syndrome (RLS) and overactive bladder. 

Some common causes of insomnia in women include caffeine, pregnancy, and menopause. Other causes include shift work, noise, and room temperature, among other things. The effects of insomnia can be long-lasting and can affect a person’s life. However, there are many ways to cope with it.

According to a survey by the National Sleep Foundation, six out of ten women experience some form of insomnia once a week. In contrast, only 52 percent of men report experiencing this disorder. 

For women, insomnia may start as a symptom of another condition. For example, some women develop fibromyalgia, which causes pain all over the body. As a result, they can’t sleep enough to recover from the night’s restlessness.

What Is Pregnancy Insomnia?

If you’re pregnant, you might experience pregnancy insomnia. The growing baby bump may be causing leg cramps, and the pressure on your bladder from the baby can keep you from getting a good night’s sleep. Other causes of pregnancy insomnia include breathing difficulties, frequent trips to the bathroom, and vivid dreams.

To combat pregnancy insomnia, you should establish a regular bedtime routine. Limiting screen time is important, as blue light can interfere with your circadian rhythm. Reading a book or meditating before bed can also help. Also, try to get as comfortable as possible. A warm bath or shower can also help you sleep.

While most expectant mothers experience some level of sleep disturbance, pregnancy insomnia is most common during the third trimester. Pregnancy insomnia is often the result of physical discomfort, increased hormone levels, or a combination of these factors.

Other ways to combat pregnancy insomnia include drinking more water and reducing your stress levels. While it may seem counterintuitive, physical activity and prenatal yoga can improve sleep quality. However, a visit to a doctor will help you decide whether or not you can safely exercise during your pregnancy.

What Are the Causes of Insomnia In Women?

Insomnia can be caused by many things and can affect both men and women differently. For women, the most common cause of insomnia is hormonal change. Here are some other causes of insomnia in women

  • Depression Anxiety and Stress

Women who suffer from chronic anxiety or depression may have trouble falling asleep. This can make them irritable and make them more susceptible to stress. Although sleep is a fundamental need for healthy functioning, insomnia can be caused by many factors. 

  • Pregnancy

Pregnancy can be a magical time for a woman, but it can also be a time of sleepless nights. A growing belly can make it difficult to fall asleep, and a woman’s body may be uncomfortable and prone to restless leg syndrome.

  • Urinary Problems

Urinary problems are among the most common causes of sleep problems in women. One in three adults experiences nocturia at some point in their lives. A physician can prescribe treatment to minimize nighttime urination.

  • Restless Leg Syndrome

Restless leg syndrome is a common neurological disorder that causes a person to experience frequent and intense urges to move their legs, making it difficult to sleep. This disorder can lead to decreased quality of sleep.

  • Obstructive Sleep Apnea

Sleep apnea is a disorder characterized by recurring collapses of the upper airway during sleep, which results in oxygen. It can range from mild to severe and can often lead to insomnia.  

  • Sleep Debt and Coping With Sleep Loss

The importance of sleep is undeniable. If you are in sleep debt, it can lead to insomnia. A lack of sleep can affect your mood, alertness, judgment, and agility. It’s far better to avoid a poor night’s sleep than to deal with the consequences the next day. 

What Are the Hormonal Causes of Insomnia In Women?

Hormonal imbalance can be a common cause of insomnia, particularly for women going through perimenopause or menopause. Here are some hormonal causes of insomnia in women

  • Menstruation

Women experiencing PMS are twice as likely to experience insomnia. The menstrual cycle affects each woman differently. For example, estrogen makes women feel more energetic and social, while progesterone tends to make women feel more tired and sluggish. This change in hormone levels may cause pre-period insomnia.

  • Pregnancy

Many pregnant women experience difficulty sleeping. An increase in the hormone progesterone disrupts sleep patterns, which may be compounded by physical changes. These changes may include increased appetite, back pain, urinary frequency, and nausea.

  • Menopause

Menopause is when women’s bodies undergo various hormonal changes, and one of the most prevalent symptoms is disturbed sleep. Most women expect to experience hot flashes and mood swings during this time, but many do not expect the same level of sleep disturbance. 

Treatment for Insomnia in Women

If you’d like to have a better night’s sleep, there are several simple steps you can take. The average adult needs seven to nine hours of sleep per night, but fewer than two-thirds of women meet this requirement. Getting adequate sleep is just as crucial for your overall health as adequate food and regular exercise.

One of the first steps you should take is to monitor your sleep patterns. By tracking your sleep, you can see the changes and improvements over time. 

It is also important to limit the use of electronic devices while sleeping. Because these devices emit light, they disrupt the sleep cycle. Therefore, avoiding electronics for at least thirty minutes before closing your eyes is important. 

Also, sleep is better when the environment is cool, so try to keep the temperature below 70 degrees Fahrenheit. Remember, too, that during your menstrual cycle, your temperature can rise, so be sure to set the thermostat accordingly.

You should also avoid drinking fluids in the evening. Apart from that, avoid drinking alcohol and caffeine. You should also indulge in some physical activity. Walking can make your feel tired and help you to get better sleep. 

Another important factor is choosing a sleeping position that is comfortable and relaxing. A soft mattress and an air-tight pillow will help prevent insomnia, and the bed should be at a comfortable temperature.


  • Why Do Women Suffer From Insomnia While Pregnant?

For a mother-to-be, insomnia while pregnant can be a difficult thing to deal with. It can be caused by many factors, from hormonal changes to bladder pressure to backaches and leg cramps. 

  • What Causes a Woman Not to Sleep at Night?

While there are many causes of insomnia, women are more likely to experience the problem than men. They have hormones that affect their bodies that can keep them from sleeping, and they can experience the effects of menopause, menstruation, and depression. 

  • What Can I Drink to Fall Asleep Fast?

If you find yourself tossing and turning at night, you should try drinking herbal tea or chamomile tea. Another natural drink that can help you fall asleep faster is warm milk.


Insomnia is a common problem faced by women. While most women face this problem because of stress, depression and urinary problems, others face it because of hormonal issues. During pregnancy, your hormone goes through lots of changes that can trigger insomnia. Pregnancy insomnia can last for 9 months and can lead to various complications. You can consult a doctor and make lifestyle changes to treat this problem. It will help you to get better sleep at night.

Somapika Dutta (B.Sc Physiology, Honours)
Somapikar holds Bachelors Degree in Physiology from University of Culcutta. She has 6+ years of experience writing in different niches, including health, tech and lifestyle. An animal enthusiast and a raging foodie, experiencing life - one day at a time.


Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

Exclusive content

Latest article

More article