HomeInfertilityUnexplained InfertilityEarly Diagnosis of Infertility Is Important For Its Treatment and Management

Early Diagnosis of Infertility Is Important For Its Treatment and Management


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Reproductive health plays a very important role when it comes to conception. A man and woman need to be fertile and sexually healthy to start a family.

Unfortunately, many couples face infertility issues. However, there are various methods available to treat infertility. For effective treatment, infertility must be diagnosed early. 

Infertility can be a result of several factors, both male and female. Diagnostic testing may include more or less invasive procedures, depending on the severity of the condition and whether the results indicate the presence of any specific disease. 

Infertility treatments may also involve more medications and prenatal tests. Successful treatment should allow a couple to conceive. In some cases, medications will correct an underlying medical condition or hormonal imbalance. 

Treatment options may include antibiotics for an infection in the reproductive organs, hormone treatments to boost a woman’s hormone levels, counseling, or medications. Other options for infertility management include in vitro fertilization (IVF) and intrauterine insemination (IUI). 

However, no matter what type of treatment you go for, the success rate depends on early infertility diagnosis. If you want to know why early diagnosis of infertility is essential for its treatment and management, continue reading this article. 

What is Infertility?

Infertility is a condition in which men or women are not able to conceive even after having one year of unprotected sex. It can be due to problems in the reproductive system or any underlying disease. 

A number of factors can cause infertility. Some factors are more prevalent in women than in men, but there is often a connection between both. Infertility screenings may involve questions about reproductive history, contraceptives used, and pelvic surgeries. 

The doctor may also ask about recreational drug use, sexual history, and other aspects of your life. Your doctor will likely advise you on how to try to conceive and may suggest alternative treatments.

Infertility treatment is costly, and it may cost hundreds or thousands of dollars, depending on the type of procedure you choose. To successfully conceive a baby, you must choose the right treatment plan.

Infertility Diagnosis in Men and Women ( Hyperlinked the reference article as suggested)

The evaluation of infertility should be focused, cost-effective, and include both male and female partners. It should fofirst cus on the least invasive methods and be customized for the couple’s unique circumstances and preferences. 

The initial tests to look for infertility should include:

  •  The mid-luteal phase progesterone assay
  • Semen analysis
  • Hormone testing
  • Genetic testing
  • Tubal patency
  • Ovarian reserve testing
  • Imaging
  • Hysterosalpingography
  • Ovulation testing

While early infertility diagnosis is crucial, there are other factors to consider, such as:

  •  Male partner’s low sperm count
  • Blocked fallopian tube
  • An egg-related problem 

Regardless of the cause of the problem, a timely diagnosis will help the woman get pregnant sooner and undergo less-invasive treatments. 

Fertility typically peaks in a woman’s mid to late 20s and decreases significantly after age 35. By the time she reaches her early 40s, she has slim chances of naturally getting pregnant and retaining it.

The correct diagnosis of infertility is essential for treating the condition and can alleviate the suffering experienced by many infertile couples. In addition, mild modulation may lead to a natural conception. 

If you’re interested in fertility treatment, you should first visit your GP for a consultation. Generally, doctors will perform a general physical exam and ask you about your medical history, sexual habits, and your diet. A sample of your sperm is taken and checked for any abnormalities. Depending on the results, you might undergo a blood test and X-rays to see whether the fluid is flowing properly. 

Fortunately, many infertile couples will find relief and treatment. If treatment can be individualized, early diagnosis of infertility can be the key to success. And with the right care, this early diagnosis will improve the overall outlook for both the patient and the family.

If the woman is under the age of 35 and is still not pregnant after one year of trying, it’s time to make an appointment with a fertility specialist. During her early thirties, her chances of pregnancy decrease, so early detection is a must. 

Also Read : https://pregajunction.com/blog/infertility-is-not-a-womens-health-issue/

Infertility Treatment and Management 

Depending on the causes of infertility, a woman can undergo various infertility treatments to improve her chances of pregnancy. While infertility treatments may be costly, painful, and stressful, they do increase the chances of pregnancy. 

Some causes of infertility can be treated surgically. A laparoscopy may be performed to remove endometrial deposits, but it’s not commonly recommended for infertility treatments. If you have endometriosis, your doctor may recommend laparoscopy, a thin, flexible microscope with a light on its tip. 

Laparoscopic surgery can also help improve your fertility by removing implants and scar tissue. The procedure is often performed in conjunction with an ovulation medicine. Another method of infertility treatment is intrauterine insemination (IUI). Also known as artificial insemination, this method involves injecting specially-washed sperm directly into the woman’s uterus. 

IUI is usually recommended for female infertility when the male sperm are not sufficient. Women with severe endometriosis may also benefit from IUI, bypassing the mucus produced by the fallopian tubes and sending the embryo straight to the uterus.

Gonadotropins are man-made versions of the hormones responsible for regulating ovarian function. They help release multiple eggs from the ovary, resulting in a baby’s conception. These treatments are most often used in conjunction with other infertility treatments, such as clomiphene citrate, which allows the doctor and patient to choose how many embryos to implant. 

Surgical procedures are another common form of infertility treatment. Endometriosis surgery, for example, involves a small incision in the navel or nearby areas, a fiber-optic lens, and tiny surgical instruments. 

Table of Age and Fertility Treatment result:

Age of Women Result Of Fertility Treatment
Less than 35 years 50 %  of embryo transfers result in a live birth.
38 to 40 years 36.7% of women achieved the same result
above 40 years The success rate can drop to 12.4%

How Can Early Diagnosis of Infertility Help You to Manage Infertility Problems?

If you are faced with infertility, the sooner you can get a proper diagnosis, the easier it will be for you to deal with the issue. There are a few things to keep in mind when deciding on treatments. Some treatments are more effective in women than others. You should also understand the responsibilities and risks associated with infertility treatment.

A diagnosis of infertility should be made by a doctor, preferably an infertility specialist. While pregnancy can take several years, many couples will not conceive after a year of trying. However, if this happens, there is hope. Ninety percent of couples will conceive within two years. So, if you’re experiencing any of these symptoms, make sure to get a diagnosis as soon as possible.

Infertility screenings include several tests that measure various aspects of conception. You may experience an abnormal menstrual cycle, a short or long period of menstruation, or an excess of facial and body hair. In some cases, pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) can be the culprit. These infections usually affect the fallopian tubes. If you’ve been trying to conceive for over five years and still can’t have a child, you should seek help as soon as possible.

Early diagnosis of infertility is more important when it comes to women. Unlike men, who can produce sperm even after getting old, women can only release eggs until a particular age. Many women go through menopause during the late ’40s and early ’50s. As there are only a few fertile years for women, early diagnosis can help the doctor to find the root cause of the problem and advise a proper fertility treatment plan. 


The peak age of a woman for conception is from 24 to 34 years of age. Once a woman reaches the age of 34 years, it becomes difficult for them to get pregnant and carry a child. The chances of conception with IVF treatment also decrease with age. Because of this reason, it is wise to get tested early on. It will help you to find the right treatment plan and manage infertility.

Pooja N Swamy (M.Sc Biomedical Sciences)
Pooja Holds Master's Degree in Biomedical Sciences from Vellore Institute of Technology. She believes in strong research and clear understanding over the subject. Always determined and focussed with a thirst to learn new things. Hardworking, flexible and grounded to align with the goals.


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